Your feet are remarkable, they can take a tremendous amount of stress and strain when you take part is activities and sport. However, things can go wrong and this, and when it does we are here to help.
Below is an explanation of some of the most common sports injuries but whatever your problem we are your first call for help, treatment and information.
A bruised heel, also known and Policeman’s Heel is a contusion or bruising to the tissues under the heel causing pain. Treatment includes rest and protecting the area with padding or taping as well as identifying potential causes and rectifying them.
A heel spur is a hooked bony growth protruding from the calcaneus or heel bone. It often occurs alongside plantar fasciitis, and as such the two conditions are often confused, however they are not the same. Treatment involves rest, reducing symptoms with ice or cold therapy, stretching and correcting and biomechanical problems.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition of the foot caused by pressure on the posterior tibial nerve as it passes along a passage called the tarsal tunnel just below the bony bit on the inside of the ankle causing a burning pain in the foot along with pins and needles and pain radiating in the arch of the foot.
Treatment includes Rest from any aggravating activities and apply cold therapy whilst in the acute phase when the foot or ankle is painful and inflamed. Your Doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication to help reduce pain and inflammation.
Once the initial pain and inflammation has gone then a full rehabilitation programme which includes stretching exercises and strengthening exercises for the foot can begin.
Sever’s disease is mainly a cause of heel pain in kids affecting active children aged 8 to 15 years old. Pain at the back of the heel from overuse that if managed correctly, is something the young athlete should grow out of. Rest is an essential part of treatment along with ice or cold therapy and managing training loads.
Extensor tendinitis is inflammation of the extensor tendons which run along the top of the foot and straighten the toes. Pain is felt along the top of the foot. Treatment involves rest, application of cold therapy during the acute stage followed by a full rehabilitation program including gentle stretching and strengthening exercises.
Navicular Stress Fracture
A navicular stress fracture is one of the most common stress fractures affecting athletes, especially those in explosive events such as sprinting and jumping.
The navicular is one of the tarsal bones in the ankle. It sits on top of the calcaneus or heel bone. A stress fracture of the navicular is caused by over use or repetitive strain, usually from high impact sports such as sprinting, hurdling and jumping. Poor technique or training errors can also contribute to the likelihood of sustaining a stress fracture of the foot.
Metatarsalgia can be a bit of an umbrella term used to cover any forefoot pain, particularly metatarsal pain. Usually the term refers to inflammation which occurs in the joints between the metatarsal bones in the foot and phalanges bones of the toes.
Symptoms typically consist of pain in the forefoot which is worse during weight bearing, particularly during the middle phase and push off phase of walking when the foot is in contact with the ground.